Category Orthopaedics Wellness

ACL Reconstruction Surgery Can Help to Relieve Pain and Restore Function After Injury

The anterior cruciate ligament is a small band of connective tissue that lies deep within the knee. It holds the tibia, a lower bone of the leg, to the knee joint. This ligament can become damaged and cause pain, weakness and ‘giving out’ of the knee. ACL reconstruction is a procedure that replaces the damaged tissue to allow greater strength, flexibility and relief from pain.




When Is Surgery Needed?

Reconstruction is indicated when there is an injury to the knee that causes pain or weakness that impacts the function or stability of the joint. Frequently, a number of tissue injuries within the knee joint are present. Surgery may not be required if the individual is not athletic, but those who engage in sports or have an active lifestyle may need surgery to stabilize the knee joint.


ACL Reconstruction Procedure

The surgical procedure for reconstruction involves removing the damage ACL ligament other injured tissue in the area. The ligament is then replaced with tissue from the patient’s own body, called an autograph, or with tissues from a donor, called an allograph. Screws or other devices are used to hold the new ligament to the bone. The surgical site is then sutured together and covered with a bandage.


acl surgery


Rehabilitation After Surgery

The ACL reconstruction protocol includes physical therapy to strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee and to improve flexibility. Surgery involving donor tissues generally takes a longer period of time than tissue from the patient’s own body. Supervised physical therapy is indicated for 3 to 9 months. The length of rehabilitation depends on other structures that may have been repaired at the same time as the ACL reconstruction. Therapy generally includes:


· Protecting the graft area

· Reducing inflammation

· Minimizing the negative effects of immobilization

· Educating the patient on the care of the reconstruction during healing

· Achieving flexion in the knee to 90 degrees

· If available, the use of a pool to help normalize gait mechanics


ACL Rehabilitation


Recovering From ACL Reconstruction Surgery

ACL reconstruction recovery time may take up to a full year. Recovery progresses through a number of stages:


· One to two weeks of wound healing, during which pain, stiffness and swelling may be present

· Week 3 to 24, during which rehabilitation is done to increase function for normal activities

· After six months, many patients return to their athletic activities, but others may require a longer period to feel confident about the knee’s strength.


ACL injuries are a common problem in individuals who are physically active and can seriously impact function and performance. Reconstruction surgery can restore both strength and stability to the injured knee.

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4 Tips for Reducing Your Risk of Back Injury and Pain

back pain


Back pain is an extremely common problem that most people will experience at some point during their lives. However, for some people, back pain is a chronic condition caused by spinal injuries. While not all spinal injuries can be easily avoided, like those caused by car or work-related accidents, steps can be taken to avoid them in other areas of your everyday life.


Sit Properly

With office jobs so widespread these days, more people than ever are spending their entire work week sitting in a chair. As the day wears on, prolonged periods of sitting cause your posture suffer, making you more likely to slouch. Over time, this not only weakens the supporting muscles along the spine but also strains the discs between the vertebrae. The discs become inflamed and can eventually change position or rupture, resulting in spine pain. If you find it difficult to maintain good posture when sitting for long periods, investing in an ergonomic chair or back support can help significantly.

sitting posture


Consider Your Mattress

If you struggle with frequent back pain but you can’t identify an obvious cause, you might want to consider whether your mattress could be to blame. Old mattresses sag, creating pressure points that push the spine out of its proper alignment during sleep. This can cause daytime back stiffness and inflame the vertebral discs. Replacing your mattress may resolve the issue as well as giving you a better night’s sleep.


wake up back pain


Use Correct Form When Lifting

If you’re lifting an object from the ground, you must take care to use proper form, particularly if the item is of significant weight. Many people make the mistake of simply bending over at the waist to lift an object. However, attempting to do this with heavy objects is asking for an injury. The lower back is not designed to take the strain, so the spine and surrounding tissues may be strained, torn or otherwise damaged. When lifting, squat down, keep your back straight and push up from your knees, not your hips or back.


Safe lifting

Ditch the Heavy Handbag

large purseLarge purses may be convenient for you, but your back isn’t such a fan of them. Not only are these bags heavy on their own but they also encourage you to overfill them. The weight of the purse itself plus whatever you’re carrying in it shifts more weight to that side of your body, forcing the back muscles and spine to compensate and keep you steady. This makes the muscles along the spine become tight, creating tension and pain. Over time, this muscle tightness could even pull your spine out of alignment. It’s strongly recommended to use a reasonably sized purse whenever possible. If you must carry more or heavier items, consider using a small rolling suitcase to minimise physical strain.

Spine pain is never a pleasant condition to live with. It can resolve on its own with rest and care in many cases, but some instances may necessitate spine treatment. Incorporating some of these tips into your job and lifestyle practices can help you avoid injury and discomfort. See more about spine pain treatment & surgery by

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Treating Pain in the Elbows: Common Causes and Treatments

One of the most common conditions that physical therapists and other medical professionals treat is elbow pain. Fortunately, this problem can usually be effectively treated. If you suffer from this condition, here are some of the causes and common methods for treating pain in the elbows.




Causes of Elbow Pain

Arthritis—Both osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can cause elbow pain. Although OA can affect elbows, it occurs more in the hip and knees, which are weight-bearing joints. In most cases, OA is due to injuries or overuse.


Elbow injuries and fractures—Tennis elbow, known medically as lateral epicondylitis, occurs when the tendons connecting the elbow to the forearms become swollen and painful because of overuse. When the elbow bones fracture or break, it can cause a sharp pain in either the elbow joint or the joint that’s next to this joint.


Sprains and strains—Sprain, which are ligament injuries due to tears or stretches, can easily occur when an elbow is jammed, stiff or overextended. Strains are the result of excess force on a muscle and generally happen when muscles are stretched during weight-bearing movements or from overusing a muscle.


Elbow dislocations—An elbow dislocation occurs when the joint surfaces become separated from where they normally meet. An elbow can become dislocated as a result of falling on top of a hand that’s extended or outstretched. A complete elbow dislocation involves joint surfaces that are completely separated, while a partial dislocation, known as a subluxation, is when they’re partially dislocated.


Home Treatments

Treating pain in the elbows usually begins at home. For example:


• Using cold packs or ice may relieve pain. Do this several times, daily, for 10 to 15 minute intervals. Be sure you place a thin cloth between your skin and the ice.
• Applying heat—Taking hot baths, or using moist, warm cloths, can help.
• Taking NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) can be effective.
Topical creams rubbed over the affected area are also used to reduce inflammation and pain.


Physiotherapy Treatments

Physiotherapy therapies are designed to build up elbow strength so that the problem doesn’t return.
• They entail exercises to make you regain its flexibility. There are elbow stretches, besides exercises for strengthening the biceps and triceps, using resistance bands or light weights.
Clasps can be effective, especially for golfer’s and tennis elbow.
Tapes or straps can be used for joining soft tissue, so there’s less strain.





Steroid shots—If you haven’t found relief after a few weeks of treatments, steroid shots may be recommended.
Platelet-rich plasma injections or PRP, which is a popular way to treat tennis elbow, entails taking a blood sample from a patient. After treating the blood sample, it’s re-injected into the patient’s painful area to promote healing in adjacent tissues.





Although most people don’t need surgery, some patients do. Most procedures are done on an out-patient basis, meaning you can go home the same day as your surgery. Following surgery, you’ll need to have physiotherapy, besides do stretching exercises at home.


Considerations and Warnings

Improperly sitting at a computer for a long time can cause elbow pain.
Gripping a steering wheel for hours can result in elbow pain. Therefore, it’s critical to make modifications in how you use your arms throughout your day to prevent elbow pain.
• A dislocation is a medical emergency that requires immediate professional care. Failing to treat a dislocation can damage the ligaments, as well as the nerves or blood vessels.
• Never give aspirin to someone who’s younger than age 20 as this can cause Reye’s syndrome, which is a severe illness.

If you’re unsure of the cause of your elbow pain, or your home treatments fail to work, don’t hesitate to see a doctor. Often, people cause further damage by failing to be professionally diagnosed and receive the right medical treatment.


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Hand Pain Treatment: Advice on Finding an Orthopaedic Surgeon

Numerous professionals and non-professionals participate in sports and receive a severe injury to their hands. They might seek out Orthopaedic treatment or hand pain treatment. This is a highly specialized area of medicine that is directed towards treating those that have experienced injuries to the joints and require a specialist. Perhaps, you have heard about Orthopaedic treatment and would like to learn more. Read on for further advice and tips.



Finding An Orthopaedic Surgeon

You probably have heard a lot of advice about finding the best surgeon for hand pain treatment. Certainly, you look for a medical professional with experience and the skill required. However, there are a few other points worth covering:


1. Once you’ve selected a professional, ask them a lot of questions about the surgery or treatment. Don’t get left in the dark. Make sure you know exactly what is going to happen.


2. Remember, you do not have to settle for the first surgeon and their advice. Seek out a second opinion. Ask them the same questions that you asked the previous doctor. Make your decisions based on their answers.


3.Don’t just settle for any surgeon. Select a surgeon that takes the time to explain all the details about the surgery and treatment after surgery.


4.Try to connect with a support group. These are people that have experienced the surgery and could share their experience with you. They will give you advice and support on handling your surgery.

Never rush into surgery. Always seek out the advice of a board-certified surgeon. Remember, the orthopaedic surgeon is there to help you with any type of sports connected injury or other types of injuries that might require hand pain treatment. Don’t delay the treatment. This only complicates matters. The medical professional will provide advice and treatment options.

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Orthopaedic Advice For Shoulder Pain

Do you feel sharp pain radiating from your shoulders? Is it disabling you from carrying out daily activities properly? Many people suffering from the condition disregard the need for treatment, and expect the pain to just fade away. However, this is rarely the case, and prolonging the condition may lead to more pain and suffering.


The shoulder is the body’s most mobile joint. It is composed of four tendons, known as the rotator cuff, which allows for this wide range of motion. Most reported cases of shoulder pain occur when the rotator cuff tendons move under the bony region of the shoulder. The tendons becomes swollen, which is medically referred to as rotator cuff tendinitis.

Pain in the shoulder may also come as a symptom to more serious conditions, such as arthritis and bursitis. Dislocated shoulder or broken shoulder bone from physical activity, such as a contact sport or weightlifting, may also cause pain. Some cases of shoulder pain may be caused by a problem from another body part like the lungs. This is known as referred pain and there is usually no discomfort when moving the shoulder.

Home Treatment

Orthopaedic surgeons suggest putting ice on the shoulder area for at least 15 minutes, and then leaving it off for another 15 minutes. Repeat the procedure 3 to 4 times per day for 3 days. Make sure to wrap the ice in fabric to prevent skin damage and frostbite. After 3 days, rest your shoulder and try to slowly transition to your regular routine. Guidance from a physical therapist may be required to help you do the activities safely. Medication including ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be given to lessen swelling and pain.


Orthopaedic experts advice people with shoulder pain to limit their physical activity at least until the pain has completely subsided. If you have had pain in the shoulders before, apply ice and take ibuprofen following your workout session.

Learn strength exercises that target your shoulder muscles and rotator cuff. A physical therapist or physician can recommend such program. If you have had rotator cuff tendinitis before, routinely perform range-of-motion exercises to prevent your shoulders from freezing again.

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6 Tips to Keep Feet and Ankles Strong and Healthy

Most people put more focus on larger muscle groups or areas of the body when thinking about health and fitness. However, your feet and ankles need special care to keep them strong and to reduce the risk of injuries.


Wear Appropriate Footwear

Whether you are exercising or just going through your day, the proper footwear can protect and provide support for your feet and ankles. High impact activities may require more cushioning and shock absorption than spending a day at work in an office. Additionally, be sure to leave enough space for toes to move. Frequently cramped toes can throw off your balance and lead to injury.


Modify High Heel Use

While it is best to avoid wearing high-heeled shoes, you can reduce your risk of injury by wearing heels with a wider base, such as wedges. Also, switching back and forth between heels and flats can put strain on your feet, ankles, and tendons. If you need to switch, make sure to stretch your calves, ankles, and feet frequently.


Stretch Regularly

Even if you do not wear high heels, stretching the feet and ankles is important, especially if you engage in physical activity. However, do not stretch cold muscles. Do a short warm up, then do the stretches appropriate for the activity you will perform.


Perform Strengthening Exercises

Certain exercises can strengthen the feet and ankles. Calf raises, ankle rotations, and many others are meant to build up the proper muscles, stretch tendons and ligaments, and reduce your risk of injury.


Quit for Pain

If an activity results in pain, stop that activity and rest the affected area. Soreness may be relieved with heat or cold, elevation, and rest.


Seek Help from a Specialist

If you experience pain in the foot or ankle that does not go away with rest, it is important to get foot or ankle injury treatment from a qualified specialist. While your family physician can recommend pain relievers, rest, and perhaps a couple of exercises, a treatment provider who specializes in the area of the foot and ankle will be able to come up with both a treatment plan and help you to reduce your risk of future injury.

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4 Tips to Prevent and Treat Back Pain

There are easy techniques that prevent and treat back pain. If you have a major or minor back problem, consider implementing these procedures.

Get A Good Night Of Sleep

A peaceful night of sleep repairs your strained muscles and relieves inflamed joints. To improve how well you sleep, invest in a good bed and try various sleeping positions. Sleep on your side while on a firm surface to keep your spine positioned properly. If your spine is curved, your back pain will worsen. Also, if you sleep with a pillow between your knees, you will sleep more comfortably.


Gentle Exercise

When back discomfort occurs, resting and waiting until the pain reduces is not the best solution. The back discomfort will worsen and your muscle strength will decrease if you rest. Instead, perform a few gentle stretches to determine what movements cause much pain. Also, try an easy, slow walk around your neighborhood. When your back feels better, slowly pick up the pace. Another smart idea is regular exercise because it stretches and strengthens your muscles, which reduces back pain. However, discuss your exercise plan with your doctor (contact Providence Orthopaedic for Back Pain Treatment) to avoid further injures.


Healthy Weight

Your back discomfort problem will not reduce if you have excess weight that puts pressure on your back muscles. Back pain suffers who took various medicines experienced less pain after they lost weight.


Heat And Cold Products

Hot and cold therapy should be used for certain back discomfort issues. Cold therapy is ideal for inflammation problems because it reduces swelling, and heat reduces muscles spasms and cramps. Usually, moist heat is the best option. If you use dry heat, you should apply it carefully because it can dehydrate your tissues, which will prevent healing. Most stores sell an ice pack for cold therapy treatment and a heating pad for hot therapy treatment.



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How to Relieve Hip Pain

Hip pain can result from a number of things. Often times hip and knee pain are associated with one another, or can mislead one into thinking the pain is an ailment of one, not the other. Due to the knee and hip joints being closely related as far as use and how pain travels, it can be difficult to figure out where the pain originates. These large joints can be the cause of considerable discomfort. All final diagnosis should come from a doctor, in addition to treatment options and other medical decisions.

In some cases joint pain is something simple, especially that in the hip or knee. Some common causes of such pain are:

  • Obesity – this cause excessive strain on the knee and hip joints.
  • Arthritis – a common cause of joint pain.
  • Bakers cyst – while not serious these can cause knee joint pain.
  • Minor knee injury – this will often result in pain that appears to serious.

Once the cause of pain has been determined a course of treatment can be set up. For those with minor hip pain, a few things can be implemented prior to seeing the doctor:

  • Weight loss might be the solution for those who are overweight.
  • If arthritis has already been determined to be the cause of pain, over the counter medications may work to relieve the pain.
  • Applying ice to painful joints often brings relief and may help to bring down any inflammation.
  • Simple stretches often help to loosen up stiff and painful joints.
  • Rest and keeping weight off the area when possible.

Those suffering from hip or knee pain should seek medical advice before implementing any kind of treatment. The goal is to get rid of the pain; improper treatment may create adverse reactions.

Other treatments such as special footwear or insoles, walking and other basic exercises, physical therapy, acupuncture, and prescription drugs might be necessary. In extreme cases, and depending on the cause of the pain, surgery might be needed. However, these are all things that must be determined by a physician such as

Do You Know How Paediatric Orthopaedics Benefit Young Children? Find out it Here.

Our hips have a huge weight to bear: That of our entire bodies! So what happens when we injure this vital body part?

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The Study of Paediatric Orthopaedics

The study of paediatric orthopaedics is fast growing. Many fields of study are learning that treating many conditions early can alleviate physical issues in the future. Paediatric of course is concerning children. Skeletal issues detected early in life with the help of bone specialist can be reduced or corrected.

Paediatric Orthopaedics is a specialized study of infant children and adolescent musculoskeletal problems. The list for issues from birth defects to sports injuries is endless. A bone specialist is key in solving skeletal problems. Pediatric specialist have studied significant findings and can use innovative treatments. Research and clinical expertise often result in high quality results for successful restoration of skeletal issues.

With children in sports it is key to find a paediatric specialist when dealing with sports injuries. No offense to general practitioners but a specialist has had extensive education and experience in dealing with specific bone related injuries. They are what one wants in dealing with bone injuries that need to be treated quickly and correctly the first time. Setting or treating bones incorrectly can lead to a lifetime of debilitating strife. Finding paediatric specialist are easy with the help of Academy of Pediatric publications. These are lists of Pediatricians in various fields relating to health of infants children and adolescents. Specialist are highly regarded in their field and with the american academy of pediatric guidelines are following safe set procedures. These procedures have studies behind them. Standard treatment is regulated so that optimal results are achieved.

Bone injuries in the young overall account for a small percentage of injuries. Mainly because young skeletons are more flexible and resilient to fractures than adults. Growth-plates play a key role in a young persons development. Injury to growth-plates and connective tissues are easily mistaken for sprains and should be looked at by specialist. Avulsion fractures are common injuries where muscles and tendons are torn away by force. Usually the knees and pelvis are areas that sustain these types of injuries. Again a specialist can advise and treat these injuries with the most advanced successful treatments. Many a times treatment received in general practitioners office have to be retreated due to inexperience with birth related skeletal issues and sports injuries. Second opinions are excellent choices when dealing with these types of issues. Ask for a referral to a specialist. There is nothing wrong with getting specialist opinions and general practitioners usually have lists of American academy pediatrics specialists readily available for just such cases.

Board certified in pediatric orthopaedics, Dr. Woo has been instrumental in advancing his field through research, studies and lectures. He is versed in all forms of spinal and limb deformities, many of which can seriously affect a child’s growth and development.

The youth are strong and able to take many treatments that make adults cringe and cry. Their resilience is amazing. Young people have the ability to heal faster and recover from injuries amazingly well. Having a paediatric orthopedic specialist to treat bone deformities and injuries would increase success rate of rehabilitation. Creating a physically happy young one. Never fear asking whether it be an emergency situation or not for a specialist available. The future health of the child is of utmost concern.

Tell Me More about Avoid Wrist and Hand Pain!

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Common Causes of Elbow Pain

There are many causes of elbow pain. The elbow is used for many tasks, and it is highly susceptible to repetitive use injuries. However, infections, trauma or chronic conditions can also affect the elbow and cause pain.

Irritation of the tendons in the elbow is a common cause of pain. Inflammation of tendons in the outside or inside of the elbow are often termed “tennis elbow” and “golfer’s elbow,” respectively. Although these types of injuries reference a specific sport, they can occur from any activity that requires repetitive use of the elbow. Inflammation of the fluid surrounding the elbow, bursitis, can cause pain. Bursitis can be a result of injuries from overuse or injury.

Sudden trauma to the elbow, resulting from an accident, fall or sports injury, can cause problems such as sprains, dislocation or a broken bone. Sprains occur when the ligaments in the elbow are damaged or torn. More severe and abrupt injuries to the elbow may cause the bones in the upper and lower arm to separate at the elbow joint, a dislocation. Broken bones can occur within or near the elbow. Dislocation and breaks require medical attention from a bone specialist, or orthopedic surgeon, because surgical intervention is often required to properly repair the elbow.

Chronic conditions can also cause elbow pain. The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis, can affect the elbow. This type of arthritis is caused by wear and tear of the joint. Severe cases of osteoarthritis may require joint reconstruction or replacement. Inflammatory arthritis is a group of conditions that are autoimmune and affect the joints, as well as other organs. Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis are two types of inflammatory arthritis that commonly affect the elbow. Individuals who have some types of inflammatory arthritis can experience shoulder pain and pain in other joints in the body.

Paediatric Orthopaedics – What It Is and How it Affects Children. CLICK To Find Out More.

Top 5 Natural Cures For Tennis Elbow (Tendonitis & Tennis Elbow Pain Treatment)

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